Na Kyeong Park*, Soon-Jung Park , Yun-Gwi Park , Sung-Hwan Moon, JooHan Woo , Hyun Jong Kim, Sung Joon Kim , Seong Woo Choi. Translation reinitiating in c.453delC frameshift mutation of KCNH2 producing functional hERG K+ channels with mild dominant negative effect in the heterozygote patient-derived iPSC cardiomyocytes. Hum Mol Genet. 2023 Sep 28:ddad165.
Keywords: #KCNH2 #frameshift mutation #iPSC-derived cardiomyocyte #long QT syndrome 2 #translation reinitiation.
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The c.453delC (p.Thr152Profs*14) frameshift mutation in KCNH2 is associated with an elevated risk of Long QT syndrome (LQTS) and fatal arrhythmia. Nevertheless, the loss-of-function mechanism underlying this mutation remains unexplored and necessitates an understanding of electrophysiology. To gain insight into the mechanism of the LQT phenotype, we conducted whole-cell patch-clamp and immunoblot assays, utilizing both a heterologous expression system and patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell-cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) with 453delC-KCNH2. We also explored the site of translational reinitiation by employing LC/MS mass spectrometry. Contrary to the previous assumption of early termination of translation, the findings of this study indicate that the 453delC-KCNH2 leads to an N-terminally truncated hERG channel, a potential from a non-canonical start codon, with diminished expression and reduced current (IhERG). The co-expression with wildtype KCNH2 produced heteromeric hERG channel with mild dominant-negative effect. Additionally, the heterozygote patient-derived iPSC-CMs exhibited prolonged action potential duration and reduced IhERG, which was ameliorated with the use of a hERG activator, PD-118057. The results of our study offer novel insights into the mechanisms involved in congenital LQTS associated with the 453delC mutation of KCNH2. The mutant results in the formation of less functional N-terminal-truncated channels with reduced amount of membrane expression. A hERG activator is capable of correcting abnormalities in both the heterologous expression system and patient-derived iPSC-CMs.